Introductory Concepts

A look back at James Hansen’s seminal testimony on climate, part one


NASA, NOAA Find 2014 Warmest Year in Modern Record2014 Warmest Year in Modern Record (1:35)

Shifting Baselines in the Surf — with environmental corollaries — from
Surfrider Foundation (4:09)

Naomi Oreskes, Science Historian (4:09)

Merchants of Doubt (available at Bobst, iTunes, Amazon) (2:00)

Thomas Friedman, Journalist (2:29)

Sandra Steingraber, Biologist, Poet, Researcher, Activist (3:53)

Garth Lenz, artist, humanitarian (17:33)

Josh Fox, Filmmaker, Activist (18:34)

James Balog, Photographer (2:41)

Rob Bilott, Attorney (article; reading time varies)

The Lawyer Who Became DuPont’s Worst Nightmare Rob Bilott was a corporate defense attorney for eight years. Then he took on an environmental suit that would upend his entire career — and expose a brazen, decades-long history of chemical pollution. By NATHANIEL RICH January 6, 2016 Rob Bilott on land owned by the Tennants near Parkersburg, W.Va. Bryan Schutmaat for The New York Times Just months before Rob Bilott made partner at Taft Stettinius & Hollister, he received a call on his direct line from a cattle farmer. The farmer, Wilbur Tennant of Parkersburg, W.Va., said that his cows were dying left and right. He believed that the DuPont chemical company, which until recently operated a site in Parkersburg that is more than 35 times the size of the Pentagon, was responsible. Tennant had tried to seek help locally, he said, but DuPont just about owned the entire town. He had been spurned not only by Parkersburg’s lawyers but also by its politicians, journalists, doctors and veterinarians. The farmer was angry and spoke in a heavy Appalachian accent....

NASA, NOAA Analyses Reveal Record-Shattering Global Warm Temperatures in 2015

(animation :30 • article reading time varies)

NASA, NOAA Analyses Reveal Record-Shattering Global Warm Temperatures in 2015
Jane Akre, Journalist (11:00)

We’ve all paid a utility bill or purchased gasoline. Those represent the direct costs of fossil fuels; money paid out of pocket for energy from coal, natural gas, and oil. But those expenses don’t reflect the total cost of fossil fuels to each of us individually or to society as a whole. Known as externalities, the hidden costs of fossil fuels aren’t represented in their market price, despite serious impacts to our health and environment. What are fossil fuels? Fossil fuels are rock-like, gas, or liquid resources that are burned to generate power. They include coal, natural gas, and oil, and are used as an energy source in the electricity and transportation sectors. They’re also a leading source of the world’s global warming pollution. Externalities are sometimes easy to see, such as pollution and land degradation, and sometimes less obvious, such as the costs of asthma and cancer, or the impacts of sea level rise. Many consequences are far removed from our daily lives and may only affect a minority or marginalized subset of the population. Costs accrue at every point of the fossil fuel supply chain. Extraction processes can generate air and